Agriculture was and will always be one of the most important occupations since it is responsible for feeding the world and providing sustenance. However, due to modernization and the ever-increasing population, agriculture is facing some hurdles lately.
These issues are impacting the production of agricultural crops both in qualitative as well as in quantitative terms. The problems of agriculture are many, but the article below discusses a few of the most influential ones that end up governing the agricultural sector widely. These problems vary from small to big and are different for different countries all over the world. Despite that, the underlying issues of agriculture faced globally are along the same lines.
This problem of agriculture is faced by people all over the world. The steady industrial growth coupled with the ever-increasing urbanization is leaving little to no room for any agricultural land.
Deforestation and concrete jungles are taking up maximum area leaving little to no room for farming. The land that already exists cannot be used continuously year after year since it needs a couple of years to breathe. In addition to that, farmers prefer growing money-making crops like indigo in comparison to grains and other eatables.Toyota camry forum
Until the issue of enough availability of agricultural land exists, one cannot expect significant improvement in this sector. This is another problem we face in agriculture. Even if one wants to go all out with their agricultural techniques, this cannot be made possible. The earth can only suffice its subjects with limited resources.
Raw materials, water, and land for farming are all available in limited quantities. The number of people willing to actually go out there are toil in the fields is decreasing day by day. If nothing else, the machinery and equipment needed for farming are also scarce in most countries. In the earlier days of agriculture, farmers produced a large variety of crops.
Bothe eatables and money-fetching crops were produced in abundance. However, with the passage of time and increased industrialization, farmers moved towards producing large quantities of few types of crops.
Problems of Agricultural Development in Nigeria and Possible Solutions
The reason for doing so is that it is cheaper to produce large quantities of a single kind of crop than to produce small chunks of multiple different varieties. The same is the case with livestock too.Nigeria is supposed to be a country where food supply should be in abundance as a result of its vast Agricultural land.
The climate and soil in Nigeria supports the growth of many foods and cash crops. Despite all these, agricultural practices in Nigeria is not as good as it used to be in time past, and the contribution of the Agricultural sctor to the Nigerian economy is quite low.
This is as a result of a good number or reasons. In this post, we shall be looking at some problems of Agricultural development in Nigeria and some of its possible solutions. Poverty is one of the major problems facing Agricultural development in Nigeria. Insufficient funds or capital can limit farmers from acquiring large hectares of land in order to practice mechanised farming.
This can lead to reduction in the production of foods. In this present generation, an average Nigerian youth have little or no interest in Agriculture. They have no idea how profitable and interesting commercial Agriculture is.
Most of the people in the country today have the mentality that farmers are poor and do not pull enough respect in the society. Illiteracy is also among the major problems of Agricultural development in Nigeria. Many farmers who are truly dedicated to the profession do not know how to read and write. Apart from that, they lack the knowledge of modern practices and innovation in farming. All these can hinder a proper and optimal practice of Agriculture.
Bad road network affects the transportation of agricultural produce. This hinders the transportation of agricultural produce from the farms to the various areas where they are needed. The epileptic power supply experienced in Nigeria is nothing to write home about. It have a negative effect on agriculture too. This is because perishable foods such as tomato, fish and the likes cannot be stored properly because there is little or no electricity to power the cooling equipment such as refrigerators, cold rooms etc.
There are inadequate farm machines to carry out mechanised farming, thus leading to low production of farm produce. Apart from illiteracy, most farmers do not know how to keep farm records. This makes then to lose track of their activities on the farm, and they cannot give proper account of their finances too.
This nonchalant attitude towards organisation is another major problems of Agricultural Development in Nigeria. Once there are poor Government policies targeted towards agriculture, this will definitely yield a poor result.
The global warming and changes in climatic conditions does have a negative effect on crop yields. Droughts, floods and so on, are major problems of Agricultural Development in Nigeria. There is a great need for the Federal Government to enact good agricultural policies in Nigeria.M eet Shrikrishna Hegde Ullane, the year-old whose love for farming and life in the village led him to start an online marketplace called ConnectFarmer for small-scale farmers.
This platform is not just connecting hundreds of farmers to the market, it is also helping them sell their produce without the involvement of any middlemen — thus ensuring that they get the price they deserve. A resident of Bidrakan village in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka, Shrikrishna grew up watching his family members toil hard in the fields. It was in those fields that he received his training, and his background turned him into a farmer who loves his job today.
He started growing Kokum and making Kokum juice — a value-adding product. He was already aware of the medicinal and health advantages, and rarity of the fruit. But then, when he took the produce to sell in the markets, there were no takers at all. There was a complete lack of marketing opportunities. This is because they are ready for the market — no processing is required.
Indian Agriculture Problems: 7 Major Problems of Indian Agriculture
And it was not just Kokum. He came to the conclusion that several farmers in his and neighbouring villages had value-adding produce like fruit juices, squash, honey, bio fuels, areca nut hats, etc. This was more like a cooperative but nothing registered. The year-old started ConnectFarmer in with the help of funds that he and his partners put from their own pockets.
To gain more knowledge, Shrikrishna completed a fellowship in social entrepreneurship from Germany in Prior to this, he had completed his diploma in the same subject.
Today, with a team of four core member, he recognises farmers interested in growing value-adding products but are facing marketing problems. The team supports them with information on crop growth, encourages them to take their products to the market, helps them make their produce market ready, and then puts them on the website to sell.
Other than a small processing fee to help ConnectFarmer sustain itself, the entire money is given to the farmers. Those who have laptops or smartphones also chose to put their details online themselves. This entire process eliminates the middlemen, which further reduces the price of the products on the website as compared to prices of similar products in the market. Currently, most of the farmers ConnectFarmers is working with are based around Uttara Kannada district.
They are connected with about 5, farmers, but only of them are producing value-adding agriculture products and selling on the platform. With research, I realised the kind of problems farmers are facing, and how poverty is making youngsters go outside of their villages. No matter which part of the world I go to, I always come back to my village where I am most at peace.
Know more about ConnectFarmer here.Wcd9341 dac
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Registered in England and Wales. Number Case IH Jan 18, Farmers are faced with issues impacting agriculture, including new challenges and opportunities every day -- from feeding an expanding global population while meeting strict new emissions requirements, to producing more food on fewer acres while minimizing their environmental footprint.
As part of its commitment to help farmers meet their challenges, Case IH issued a survey to gather farmers' perspectives on the leading issues impacting their operations.Google finance share price
Case IH's producer-driven innovations help farmers solve their challenges so they can succeed. Farmers were asked to rank the top issues impacting agriculture business, both in the next year and five years out. The number one issue is new government mandates and regulations, with nearly 30 percent of the Ag Connect farmer group ranking it as having the most impact on their business within the next year.
Availability and price of land for expansion, and stability, development and fluctuations in global financial markets are tied, with 24 percent of respondents ranking them as the second most impactful issue. For the Ag Connect farmers' five-year impact projections, new government mandates and regulations top the list again, with 33 percent ranking it as the most impactful.
Nearly 24 percent of respondents rank availability and price of land for expansion as the second most impactful. While the Ag Connect survey attracted primarily large farmers -- 65 percent report farming more than 5, acres, and all have a minimum of 1, tillable acres -- the CaseIH. More than 70 percent of online survey respondents identify themselves as "predominantly cash grain producers" -- of which nearly 54 percent farm 1, acres or less, and more than 41 percent farm between 1, and 5, acres.
About 25 percent of CaseIH. Other top issues include new government mandates and regulations, and supplying the growing global demand for commodities arising from developing economies and world population growth. Their five-year impact projections not only track closely to the rankings for business impacts within the next year, but also emulate the Ag Connect survey results.
Online respondents rank availability and price of land for expansion 26 percent and new government mandates and regulations 21 percent as the top issues impacting their business in the next five years. Another key finding from the CaseIH. Farmers list top issues impacting agriculture Farmers are faced with new challenges and opportunities every day -- from feeding an expanding global population while meeting strict new emissions requirements, to producing more food on fewer acres while minimizing their environmental footprint.
Farm Progress Show. Hide comments. More information about text formats. Text format Comments Plain text. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. Sponsored Content. Load More.Some of the major problems and their possible solutions have been discussed as follows. Indian agriculture is plagued by several problems; some of them are natural and some others are manmade.
The seemingly abundance of net sown area of The average size of holdings was 2. The size of the holdings will further decrease with the infinite Sub-division of the land holdings. The problem of small and fragmented holdings is more serious in densely populated and intensively cultivated states like Kerala, West Bengal, Bihar and eastern part of Uttar Pradesh where the average size of land holdings is less than one hectare and in certain parts it is less than even 0.
States having high percentage of net sown area like Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh have holding size above the national average. Further it is shocking to note that a large proportion of 59 per cent holdings in 91 were marginal below 1 hectare accounting for Another 19 per cent were small holdings hectare taking up Large holdings above 10 hectare accounted for only 1.
Hence, there is a wide gap between small farmers, medium farmers peasant group and big farmers landlords. The main reason for this sad state of affairs is our inheritance laws.
5 Major Problems of Agriculture and their Solutions
The land belonging to the father is equally distributed among his sons. This distribution of land does not entail a collection or consolidated one, but its nature is fragmented. Different tracts have different levels of fertility and are to be distributed accordingly.
If there are four tracts which are to be distributed between two sons, both the sons will get smaller plots of each land tract. In this way the holdings become smaller and more fragmented with each passing generation. Sub-division and fragmentation of the holdings is one of the main causes of our low agricultural productivity and backward state of our agriculture.
A lot of time and labour is wasted in moving seeds, manure, implements and cattle from one piece of land to another. Irrigation becomes difficult on such small and fragmented fields. Further, a lot of fertile agricultural land is wasted in providing boundaries. Under such circumstances, the farmer cannot concentrate on improvement. The only answer to this ticklish problem is the consolidation of holdings which means the reallocation of holdings which are fragmented, the creation of farms which comprise only one or a few parcels in place of multitude of patches formerly in the possession of each peasant.
But unfortunately, this plan has not succeeded much. Although legislation for consolidation of holdings has been enacted by almost all the states, it has been implemented only in Punjab, Haryana and in some parts of Uttar Pradesh. Consolidation of about 45 million holdings has been done till in Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh.
The other solution to this problem is cooperative farming in which the farmers pool their resources and share the profit. Seed is a critical and basic input for attaining higher crop yields and sustained growth in agricultural production. Distribution of assured quality seed is as critical as the production of such seeds.
Unfortunately, good quality seeds are out of reach of the majority of farmers, especially small and marginal farmers mainly because of exorbitant prices of better seeds. High Yielding Variety Programme HYVP was launched in as a major thrust plan to increase the production of food grains in the country.Nnenna A. ObidikeUniversity of Nigeria, Nsukka Follow.
Rural farmers account for the greater part of the population of any developing country such as Nigeria. Governments of developing countries have a major responsibility of ensuring that there is adequate rural development in their various communities and local governments which would lead to effective and efficient agricultural systems that will not only supply food and animal protein but also foster the utilization of natural resources in a sustainable manner CGIAR, When the rural farmers lack access to knowledge and information that would help them achieve maximum agricultural yield, they are not only grope in the dark but are driven to the urban centres in search of formal employment, as the only option for survival Munyua, Blait pointed out that the least expensive input for improved rural agricultural development is adequate access to knowledge and information in areas of new agricultural technologies, early warning systems drought, pests, diseases etcimproved seedlings, fertilizer, credit, market prices etc.
There have been short-comings of traditional print and library based methods Van and Fortier, of providing such agricultural information to rural farmers who are generally illiterate and relatively remote from formal sources of information e. Aina also, was of the opinion that farmers would benefit from global information, if information centres, are cited in rural areas complete with all information and communication gadgets.
Rural farmers in Nsukka local government area of Enugu state are not noted to produce enough food, probably due to some constraints that lead to lack of access to timely and up-to-date information which would have enabled them to achieve optimal yield from their farmlands. Where rural farmers are not faced with constraints in accessing agricultural information, traditional media such as rural radio, has been used in delivering agricultural messages to rural farmers Munyua, Other ways of delivering these messages or information to the rural farmers include print, video, television, films, slides, pictures, drama, dance, folklore, group discussions, meetings, exhibitions and demonstrations Munyua, The lack of access to basic agricultural knowledge and information by rural farmers in Nsukka local government area of Enugu State which may be as a result of certain constraints has made these farmers to stick to their old traditional methods of farming system and animal husbandry practice, hence resulting in poor crop and livestock productivity.
Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the constraints of the rural farmers in Nsukka local government area of Enugu State in accessing agricultural information. Library and Information Science Commons.
To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately, you may Download the file to your hard drive. Advanced Search.
Search Help. Privacy Copyright. Skip to main content. DigitalCommons University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Library Philosophy and Practice e-journal. Authors Nnenna A. Citation Library Philosophy and Practice Abstract Rural farmers account for the greater part of the population of any developing country such as Nigeria.
Included in Library and Information Science Commons. Search Enter search terms:. Digital Commons.NOTE: We are getting back on track. Right now we are accepting only pre-paid orders. It constantly keeps throwing challenges at you, as a child, teenage, parents or adults no matter what phase of the life cycle you are in.
You indeed have lot many problems to deal with.
Similarly teenagers problems are something you just cannot ignore. Honestly, no one has ever pretended that parenting is easy especially when your kids are in their teens and their teen problems. Teenage phase is a time of rapid change for kids both physically and cognitively. They deal with lot of emotional highs and lows.
One minute they might feel great, and the next moment, they are depressed. These kinds of mood swings are common teenage problems. This of course needs to be done patiently and skillfully. With a relatively civilized approach, you can troubleshoot the following teenage behavior problems in the right direction. Many factors can lead to depression and the reaction of each teen is different to such things.
So, being a parent, what should you do? Well, find a good place to talk. It makes them feel very cool and proud and be part of the grown ups crowd. They suddenly feel that rush in them, all energized, wanting to explore anything and everything. To deal with this problem effectively, first and foremost, try to find out the reason why your teen is drinking alcohol or getting into smoking and drugs. If parents consume alcohol on regular basis, then teen is more likely to start drinking at an early age.
Parents need to feel free to talk to their teens about certain subjects like dating, sex, drugs, and alcohol. It is this inability to discuss the good and bad points that drives them to take wrong steps out of curiosity.
Someone drinks with curiosity and some to get out of feeling of hell!E-13 : ರೈತರ ಆತ್ಮಹತ್ಯೆ essay writing for PSI in Kannada.
Alcohol acts as a depressant and helps them to escape their troubled teen lives. When teens see their peers drinking or smoking, they too indulge in without thinking right or wrong. Peer pressure is probably the toughest challenge teens have to deal with. When it comes to drugs, the most important thing as parents you can do is express plenty of love to your juniors to get them rid of this deadly addiction.
They are always glued to their computers, laptops or cell phones. Internet is very useful, it makes things very easy but like everything has its pros and cons, so does internet.Ratu segoro kidul
You are surely known with the fact how one can become trapped and hooked to internet with all the attractive things its got to offer.
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